Cataracts, which is the clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye, is actually the most common cause of vision loss in people aged 40 and over. In fact, there are more cases of cataracts than of glaucoma, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy combined, with more than 50% of people age 80 or older suffering from them. Fortunately, there are always steps you can take to reduce your chances of developing cataracts, or slow their progression if they’ve already started.
Keeping your bad habits under control is an important step. Among the many detrimental health effects of cigarettes, one of them is a higher risk of developing cataracts. So quitting smoking today will help preserve your sight, along with the slew of other health benefits. And when you’re enjoying alcohol, make sure to do so in moderation. Again, one of the health risks of excessive drinking is an increased risk of developing cataracts.
If you’re one of the many people living with diabetes, managing that condition will help prevent cataracts. Studies have linked the two conditions, so keeping your blood sugar in the targeted range and making sure to get a proper diet and nutrition will go a long way. And if you’re not diagnosed with diabetes, making sure to get enough anti-oxidants and vitamins C and E will help.
Finally, make sure to protect your eyes from the sun. The skin of our eyes is very sensitive to UV light, lacking any sort of coloring or natural protection. And just like how sunlight will cause the headlights of a car to yellow over time, so too with the lenses of our eyes.