that means going to a specialist for a more complete diagnosis or treatment. It might be a cardiologist... or a dermatologist…or an endocrinologist.

So who are these “ologists” and what do they do?

The dictionary defines “ology” as ‘any science or branch of knowledge.’ With that in mind, here’s a guide to some of the most common “ologies” and what they mean:

Anesthesiology:  the science of administering anesthetics

Cardiology:  study of the heart and its functions

Dermatology:  study of the skin

Endocrinology:  study of the endocrine glands

Gastroenterology:  study of the stomach and the intestines

Gynecology:  study of the woman’s reproductive system

Hematology:  study of blood

Nephrology:  study of the kidneys

Neurology:  study of the nerves, the brain and the spinal cord

Oncology:  study of tumors

Ophthalmology:  study of the eye

Pathology:  study of disease

Proctology: study of the rectum and anus

Psychology:  study of the mind

Radiology: the science of x-rays or nuclear medicine

Rheumatology:  study of joint disease

Toxicology:  the study of the effects, antidotes, detection, etc. of poisons

These are just a few of the many “ologies” dedicated to specialized fields of medicine. And understanding what each one means can be confusing, especially to a senior loved one. That’s when a when a professional “helping hand” can make a visit to a specialist a little less intimidating. Senior Helpers of the Lehigh Valley offers a full range of customizable care options that range from daily companion care (light housekeeping, general errands, transportation and doctor’s appointments) to specialized Alzheimer’s and dementia care. Ask us how we can help. Call us at 610-770-2036 today to speak to one of our senior care experts. 






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