What to Do If You Have Increased Melanoma Risk Factors
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What to Do If You Have Increased Melanoma Risk Factors

Santa Monica's wonderful sunshine has its drawbacks. Melanoma is a serious concern for many seniors, as it is one of the most dangerous types of skin cancer and seniors are at heightened risk. Understanding those risk factors and taking necessary precautions is essential for long-term skin health and cancer prevention.

Let's take a look at some of the most common and impactful risk factors for melanoma, as well as the steps you can take to minimize your chances of developing this potentially life-threatening disease. 

Melanoma Risk Factors

  • Age is one of the most significant risk factors for melanoma, with the majority of cases occurring among those aged 65 and older. This is partly due to the cumulative effect of sun exposure over time.
  • A family history of melanoma can also increase your risk, so it's important to be aware of any relatives who have had the disease.
  • Sun exposure is another significant factor; spending excessive time outdoors without proper sun protection can greatly increase the likelihood of developing melanoma.
  • Skin type plays a role too, as those with fair skin, freckles, and a tendency to burn easily are more susceptible. 

Cancer Prevention for At-Risk Seniors

It's in your power to reduce the risk of skin cancer. Here's how you can make a difference: 

Get Screened

One of the most important steps in protecting yourself from melanoma is scheduling regular skin cancer screenings, especially if you have one or more risk factors. Those at high risk should get screened annually, while others should consult with their healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate schedule.

Wear Sun Protection

Sun protection is essential in reducing your risk of melanoma. Always wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, even on cloudy days.

Protective clothing, such as wide-brimmed hats and long sleeves, can also help shield your skin from harmful UV rays. When outdoors, try to seek shade whenever possible, especially during the peak hours of sun intensity (usually between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.).

Check Your Skin for Changes

Performing regular skin self-examinations is crucial in detecting melanoma early when it is most treatable. Get familiar with the appearance of your skin and moles, and make a note of any changes. Use the ABCDE rule to evaluate your moles:

  • Asymmetry
  • Border irregularity
  • Color variation
  • Diameter larger than a pencil eraser
  • Evolving appearance

 If you notice any of these signs, consult your healthcare provider promptly.

Adopt Healthy Habits

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also contribute to cancer prevention. Incorporate a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and aim to get regular exercise to help strengthen your immune system. Additionally, managing stress through relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga can help support your overall well-being.

Additional Resources and Support

Finding support and resources in your community can be beneficial for seniors with melanoma risk factors. Local support groups can provide a safe space to share experiences and learn from others going through similar situations. Educational materials and resources can also be found through organizations like the American Cancer Society and the Melanoma Research Foundation. Participating in local events such as fundraising walks or educational seminars can help raise awareness and provide valuable information on melanoma prevention and detection.

Need Support? Senior Helpers Is Here

Whether you're a senior or a family member looking after a loved one, we're here for you. If you live in Santa Monica, Los Angeles, Pacific Palisades, or Marina del Rey and require assistance with in-home care needs, contact us at Senior Helpers Santa Monica today. Our team is here to help you live a healthy, safe, and fulfilling life.